Sunday, April 10, 2016

HHH Prof Assaad, alum Krafft, & Carnegie Scholar Selwaness co-author papers on MENA employment issues

Humphrey Professor Ragui Assaad presented two papers to the 2016 annual meeting of the Population Association of America held in Washington DC this month. Both were co-authored with HHH alum Caroline Krafft and the first also with Carnegie Scholar Irene Selwaness.

Assaad, Ragui, Caroline Krafft and Irene Selwaness. "The Impact of Marriage on Women's Employment in the Middle East and North Africa"

This paper investigates the impact of marriage on women’s employment in Egypt , Jordan and Tunisia, taking a nuanced view of employment characteristics and the factors that may facilitate or hinder continued work after marriage. Our empirical work will be grounded in a strong theoretical understanding of individual and family behavior in the conext of prescribed gender roles. We will examine the impact of marriage on employment, taking into account the likely endogeneity (both in terms of simultaneity and omitted variables) of the timing of marriage and work decisions. We will then attempt to identify the specific characteristics of individuals’ work and circumstances that drive the impact of marriage on work. For instance, is generous maternity leave the reason that women in public sector jobs are more likely to continue working or is it the more limited number of hours and the more permissive attitude toward temporary absences from work?   




Krafft, Caroline and Ragui Assaad. ": The Role of Employment in Enabling and Constraining Marriage in the Middle East and North Africa."

This paper makes use of a series of comparable surveys to investigates the role of employment in enabling and constraining marriage for young men and women in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia. It draws on several key strains of theoretical literature, including the gobal and regional life course transitions literature and the literature on the economics of marriage, both globally and in MENA. Four key empirical questions about the role of employment in enabling or constraining marriage will be examined, (i) How do different labor market statuses affect the timing and probability of marriage?, (ii) How much of the effect of employment statuses on marriage are mediated through different qualities of the job, such as the security and prestige of jobs or earnings?, (iii) Does searching for a longer time for a formal job pay off as a strategy for accelerating marriage?, and (iv) How does employment facilitate saving for marriage?

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