2016 Nobel Peace Prize Forum June 6-8

Globalizing Compassion
Advancing the Work of Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Kailash Satyarthi
Nobel Peace Prize Lecture
Kailash Satyarthi — Oslo (2014)

The 2016 Forum will concentrate on the work of Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Kailash Satyarthi (2014), who has dedicated his life to ending child slavery and child trafficking. It will also look at the peace and security implications of, and connections between, human trafficking, migration, refugees and climate change.

Mr. Satyarthi won the Nobel Peace Prize for his “struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education. Children must go to school and not be financially exploited. In the poor countries of the world, 60% of the present population is under 25 years of age. It is a prerequisite for peaceful global development that the rights of children and young people be respected. In conflict-ridden areas in particular, the violation of children leads to the continuation of violence from generation to generation.”

According to current global estimates, based on data from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the World Bank, “168 million children aged 5 to 17 are engaged in child labour”. Some 120 million among them are below the age of 14, while a further 30 million children in this age group — mostly girls — perform unpaid household chores within their own families. In addition, millions of children suffer in the other worst forms of child labour, including slavery and slavery-like practices such as forced and bonded labour and child soldiering, sexual exploitation, or are used by adults in illicit activities, including drug trafficking.

Child labour spans various sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing, quarrying and mining, and domestic service. Often, it is hidden from the public eye. For example, the estimated 15.5 million child domestic workers worldwide — mostly girls — are often hardly visible and face many hazards.

Child labour is the combined product of many factors, such as poverty, social norms condoning it, lack of decent work opportunities for adults and adolescents, migration, and emergencies.

Climate disruption degrades both natural and institutional life support systems, undermining the human condition. It destabilizes communities, economies, and nation states, subjecting all people to degraded conditions — regardless of class, wealth or ethnic background. As we see in many situations across the world today, these pressures can lead to conflict, migration and a resulting tragic expansion of human trafficking and slavery.
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