Former Humphrey School Carnegie Fellow publishes on gender issues, time allocation, comparing Tunisia & Egypt

Gender Differences and Time Allocation: A Comparative Analysis of Egypt and Tunisia
Hanan Nazier and Asmaa Ezzat
ERF Working Paper No. 1217

Hanan Nazier is Associate professor Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University. She was a 2014 Carnegie Centennial Fellow at the Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota.

Asmaa Ezzat is Assistant Professor (Lecturer) at the Economics Department in Faculty of Economics and Political Science (FEPS), Cairo University

This paper aims at examining the gender differences in time allocation between market, house and care work in Egypt and Tunisia, as well as analyzing the determinants of time allocated to each type of work across gender. This is done through relying on the data provided by the LMPS done in Egypt (2012) and in Tunisia (2014). Then, three Tobit equations are estimated simultaneously, each equation is for one type of work, using maximum simulated likelihood (MSL). The main empirical result shows that ‘gender’ is the most important determinant of time allocation, and that females tend to spend less time on market work, while they spend more time on both house and care work, compared to males.

ملخص تهدف هذه الورقة إلى دراسة الفروق بين الجنسين في تخصيص الوقت بين العمل بآجر والاعمال المنزلية ورعاية الأطفال وكبار السن في كل من مصر وتونس ، فضلا عن تحليل محددات الوقت المخصص لكل نوع من أنواع العمل بالنسبة للرجال والنساء. ويتم ذلك من خلال الاعتماد علي بيانات المسح التتبعي لسوق العمل مصر في (2012 ) و تونس (2014). تم تقدير ثلاث معادلات توبيت آنيا ، كل معادله لنوع واحد من انواع العمل الثلاث، وذلك باستخدام أسلوب القيمة العظمي للاحتمال. وتبين النتيجة الرئيسية ان “النوع ” هو أهم محدد لتخصيص الوقت بين انواع العمل الثلاث ، وان الإناث ينزعن
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